I earned a BA degree in Art Communications from Antioch College in 1973 and later spent two years working with Kathryn and Howard Clark at Twinrocker Handmade Paper, Inc., two years under a Fulbright Fellowship studying papermaking in Japan, and many years researching early European handmade papers. The latter work has been funded by the NEA, the Kress Foundation, the Institute for Museum and Library Services, and as of 2009, a MacArthur Fellowship. I joined the University of Iowa Center for the Book as its paper specialist in 1986 and served as its director between 1996 and 2002. During my career I've made a number of one-of-a-kind artist's books using handmade paper and leather as the primary materials. I continue to teach courses that address the history, technique, science, and aesthetics of hand papermaking. I also oversee the UICB Research and Production Paper Facility. My current research is focused on the non-destructive analysis of European paper made between the 14th and the 19th centuries, with a special interest in the role of gelatin in paper stability. I am very interested in the emerging field of book studies and in the fertile territory shared by those who produce physical books, and those who study the impact of the book (or the future book-equivalent) on society and culture.